7.24. Greek Geography
Ancient Greece's Cultural Beginnings
7.25 Explain how the geographical location of Athens and other city-states contributed to their role in Maritime trade, their colonies in the Mediterranean, and expansion of their cultural influence.
The Minoans of Crete
7.26 Athens and Democracy.
_7.26 Explain why the government of ancient Athens is considered the beginning of democracy and explain the democratic principle concepts developed in Ancient Greece
A. the “polis” or city-state
B. civic participation and voting rights
C. legislative bodies
D. constitution writing
E. rule of law
What are some ways we participate in democracy?
Democratic Principles Notes
Compare and Contrast:
Greek Social Class Pyramid: The rise of a new middle class of traders (artisans/merchants) that were armed with iron weapons sparked the political revolution that would eventually evolve into democracy.
How did Democracy develop in Ancient Greece?
Democracy: click for brainpop!
Citizens govern themselves and participate in all government. Citizens are the government.
Created and assembly of men to vote on all decisions.
Demos=people, the people rule themselves.
Pericles and the Founding fathers of Democracy.
General, Politician, and populist. Led the democracy of Athens during its Golden Age. He helped defeat the Spartans during the Peleoponesian Wars and comissioned the building of the Parthenon, a temple devoted to the Goddess Athena.
Research: Leaders of Democracy
_7.29 The Persian Wars.
_7.29 Analyze the causes, course, and consequences of the Persian Wars, including the origins of marathons
Causes: 1st Invasion
Pheidippides and the Marathon to save Athens.
_155 miles in two days from Athens to Sparta. Then Pheidippides ran from the battle of Marathon to Athens to tell of the victory and have the Athenians defend the city. He yelled "Nike" along the way worshipping the Greek Goddess of Victory.
Consequences: The Delian League
Research: Athen's Golden Age
The Golden Age of Athens
_7.27 Compare and contrast
life in Athens and Sparta
Click above for Athens Brain Pop
Intellectual thinking, art, education, and philosophy
The citizens (male, landowners over 18) participate and vote on all matters of the city state.
Post Persian war Naval alliances with Northern Greek city-states. Increased trade and prosperity for all joined city states across the Aegean Sea and beyond. All city states forced to pay tribute to Athens.
Slaves and Women treated with little respect.
All citizens trained to be soldiers
Controlled all of Southern mainland Greece.
Valued Obedience, Hard Work and discipline
Skill in Warfare
Invented the Greek Phalanx. A human tank. (Stripped of individuality)
Weak Babies left to die
Military training from 7-20 Years old, 2-0-30 Full Time military members.
Often not fed enough. Encouraged
Oligarchy: Government led by older statesmen.
Naval alliances with Southern Greek City States.
Women have rights, privileges and freedoms;
Rely on conquered Helots as slaves.
Women ran Sparta while men were at war
_7.30 Peloponnesian Wars.
Analyze the causes, course, and consequences of the Peloponnesian Wars between Athens and Sparta
EQ: How did Athens and Sparta come to war?
- Bitter Rivals
- Allied together during Persian Wars,
- Athens golden age. Athenian Naval empire threatened the Spartans
Athens allies were subject to a military rule by the Athenian Navy
-Pericles (Athens) saw the opportunity to conquer all of Greece
-The Athenian hoplites (infantry soldiers) were no match for the Spartan war machine.
-Athenians locked down behind the city walls and their port Piraeus .
They hoped to supply the city with their Navy and wear down the Spartan Army (war of attrition)
-The Spartans burnt all of the Athenian farmland
-At first Pericles plan worked, but then Plague struck Athens
-Athens empire would never recover.
_7.28 Women in Athens.
_ Describe the status of women and the functions of slaves in ancient Athens.
Expected to Stay at home and take care of family
-Could not Vote, or take part in poltiics
7.32 Greek Mythology
Describe the myths and stories of classical Greece; give examples of Greek gods and goddesses, heroes, and events, and where and how we see their names used today
EQ: What were the religious Beliefs of the Ancient Greeks?
The Greek Gods click for brainpop
Zeus' wise daughter. Goddess of crafts. War goddess who defended her cities.
Wife and Queen of Zeus. Goddess of marriage and women.
King of the Gods and Goddesses, Ruler of the sky and storms Protector of the Law.
Son of Zeus, Handsome young God of poetry and music. Most widely worshipped of Greek Gods
Zeus' brother. God of the Sea, or water and of Earthquakes. Lord of Horses.
The other seven.
Zeus and the Creation Story
Analyzing the Myths
Myths were historical and gave the Greek people and identity to live by.
Performed at religious ceremonies
Greek Mythology Group Sketches
Zeus, Hera, and Little Io
Hades and the River Styx
Zeus, Hades, and the King of Corinth
Hermes & Apollo (powerpoint)
Apollo's Oracle at Delphi
Apollo and Cassandra
Demeter and Persephone
Orpheus and Eurydice
Eros & Psyche
Dionysus and Ariadne
Echo & Hera
Echo & Narcissus
Echo & Pan
King Midas and the Golden Touch
King Midas and the Donkey Ears
Aphrodite and the Trojan War
Perseus and Medusa
The Mighty Hercules
Zeus and the Great Flood
_7.33 The Origins of the Olympic Games
Explain why the city-states of Greece instituted a tradition of athletic competitions and describe the kinds of sports they featured.
To honor Zeus
Starting in 776 B.C. every four years Greeks gathered for the festival and games at Olympia in Southern Greece.
United Greeks in competition that allowed them to emulate their Gods
Chance for all Greeks to act Heroic and display skills of the ancient battlefield.
Victors were famous throughout Greece.
Civilized way to act like the Gods. Anyone could win! Influence all future athletics.
Ancient Olympic Events
Wrestling, Boxing, Running (distance and sprint),
Pentathlon: (discus, javelin, long jump, running and wrestling)
7.34 Empire of the Mind
7.31 Alexander the Great
7.31 Describe the rise of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek culture.