7.1-Objective: 7.1 Describe the great climatic and environmental changes that shaped the earth and eventually permitted the growth of human life.
7.1 Cornell Notes
7.1 Visual Notes
7.1 Ipads: Gathering Evidence
What makes humans a unique species?
1. How has the world EVOLVED over time to eventually become the world as we know it today?
2. Who are our earliest human ancestors?
3. Where did they come from?
4. What were the effects of the environmental and climatic changes that occurred during the last Ice Age?
5. What Makes us Humans ( a very unique species)
7.2 SWBAT identify sites in Africa where archaeologists have found evidence of modern human beings and describe what they've found.
Sites of Human Origins in Africa
Directions: With a group of no more than four people, research a site of an ancient human discovery. Create a poster using the template below.
1. Where is the Cradle of Humankind?
2. Why is called the Cradle of Mankind?
3. What were the major turning points in human evolution?
4. Why is the Great Rift Valley so rich with fossils and artifacts?
Sites of The Great Rift Valley
Dmanisi, George (new source 10.2013)2Taung
Rift Valley Sites
MCAS PREP! Open Response
- What is the theme of the "Skull in the Rock?" Provide three examples of text evidence to support your claim.
The Stone Age
7. 3 Describe the characteristics of the hunter gatherer societies of the Paleolithic age (their use of tools and fire, basic hunting weapons, use of
beads and other jewelry)
1. What is the Paleolithic Age known as?
2. How did early humans survive during this time period?
3. What is a hunter-gather lifestyle?
Hunter Gatherer Notes
The Importance of Fire
The Bronze Age
7.4 Explain the importance of the invention of metallurgy and agriculture (the growing of crops and domestication of animals
Tools of Agriculture: Sickle and Scythe
1. How did farming begin?
2. How were the earliest tools of metal made? What were they used for?
3. What were the lasting impacts of the invention of metal tools? (weaponry, social classes, land boundaries, war, slavery)
4. How did farming influence of development of civilization?
The beginnings of Farming
7. 5 Describe how the invention of agriculture related to settlement, population growth, and the emergence of civilization
How did the earliest villages form?
The First Cities
7.6 Identify the characteristics of civilization
Explore Catal Huyak
Farms to Cities: Top Down Web
Early Humans: Media
Bill Nye's Greatest Discoveries: Evolution
Remember! We don't come from chimpanzee's.
We come from a common ancestor millions of years down the evolutionary line.
We do share 99% of our genetic make up with champanzees, but it is the 1% that makes us humans.
Therefore, why do we study living primates?
Early Hominid Migration
New Research: Ardi and Lucy
What makes this ancient hominid so significant? Click the link , watch the videos and find out.
Australipithicus Aferensis is considered the first true bipedal hominid and is widely considered the most important hominid discovery of all time. Check out why.
What were the major evolutionary changes early humans went through on their towards forming civilization
Assignment: Early Hominid Cartoon Strip
Click the link for Assignment Directions and Grading Rubric
The Old Stone Age
2.5 MYA --> 8000 BCE
The Last Ice Age
Hunters and Gatherers!
Life based on survival->Big Game Animals
Simple Stone tools (blades, picks, small axes, wooden spears)
Basic Weaponry for protection (torch and spears)
ROAMING (with the herbivores)
Mammoths-Sabre Tooth Tigers
NOMADIC lifestyles (always on the move)
Evolution of early hominids happens mostly here
Small Bands of Travelers (6-8) Socially Equal
Found shelter in caves or makes mobile shelters
What are some theories about Stonehenge?
The New Stone Age
4000 BCE--> 3000 BCE
FARMING (after the last ice age the land becomes fertile)
(necessity? or predictability?)
People SETTLE down. hunting less productive (big animals died out)
Increased knowledge (lunar calendar, earths rotations give them agricultural knowledge)
SETTLING in One Spot. (organized labor)
(more time=more thought
Domestication of Animals (cattle, dogs, sheep)
-Complex Tools and Weaponry
Specialized Jobs (skilled work=artisans)
-Leaders & Gender Roles,
Knowledge=Power (control over others)
Small Communities (30-50 people)
(concept of land possession begins)
Permanent Shelters: Mud Bricks (high doors for protection againtst animals and weather.
Social Changes (1/2 year theories)
CULTURE (Spiritual Afterlife beliefs)
-Monumental Architecture (Stonehenge)